Water resources are under increasing pressure originating from land use and climate changes. Climate changes studies for the SEE regions (ref.: CC-WaterS etc.) indicate an increase of mean annual temperature combined with decreasing precipitation.

In the SEE region drinking water requirements are covered by different water resources. Mostly groundwater resources, especially karst springs are utilised. This holds for Austria, Hungary, Greece, Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia and Romania. Bank filtrated groundwater which is closely connected to surface water systems is pumped in Hungary, Serbia and Romania. The quality of these water resources is strongly dependent on the functioning of the ecosystems which buffer and purify the inflowing waters.

Within the SEE regions quite different ecosystems provide these services. In higher elevation zones forests and sometimes grasslands store and filter the precipitation while in low land areas extended flood plains and wetlands are important. Some information about impacts of climate and land use changes are available for a few sites in the SEE region (CC-WaterS, SHARP) but until now no region wide classification of the vulnerability of drinking water resources is available.

To mitigate water resources vulnerability in the participating SEE countries, there is a need of a joint approach in SEE countries to promote national activities based on a common implementation strategy in order to fulfil the aims of EU regulations and strategies such as the EU2020 strategy, Danube Region Strategy, EU Water Framework Directive and White Paper on Adaption to Climate Change.

The main aim of CC-WARE is to develop an integrated transnational strategy for water protection and mitigating water resources vulnerability which builds the basis for an implementation of national and regional action plans - read more about the objectives of CC-WARE...